phonological priminglexical priming pdf

  • Phonological priming and the role of phonology in

     · Phonological priming is a version of form priming, in which two phonologically overlapping words are presented, and the word presented first (the prime) influences the accuracy and speed of responses to the second word (the target).

  • Phonological priming in spoken word recognition Task

     · Phonological priming could occur in spoken word recognition by means of at least two different mechan­ isms. First, activation ofthe lexical entry associated with the prime could spread to other, phonologically similar, lexical entries. Second, one can assume that some kind of component phonological representations (syllables,

  • Phonological priming effects on speech onset latencies

    Phonological priming effects on speech onset latencies and viewing times in object naming ANTJE S. MEYER and FEMKE F. VAN DER MEULEN Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands An earlier experiment (Meyer, Sleiderink, & Levelt, 1998)

  • Phonological Treatment Approaches for Spoken Word

     · Contextual priming, a form of indirect cue-ing, is another phonological cueing treatment method that has been utilized with individuals with aphasia.25,26 Contextual priming entails repeated namingofphonologicallyrelated words. Typically, a PWA will attempt to name a set of three pictures whose names may or may not be

  • Cross-script phonological priming for Japanese-English

     · Cross-script phonological priming for Japanese-English bilinguals Evidence for integrated phonological representations Mariko Nakayama1, Christopher R. Sears2, Yasushi Hino1, and Stephen J. Lupker3 1Faculty of Letters, Arts, and Sciences, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan 2Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada 3Department of Psychology, University

  • Cleaving automatic processes from strategic biases in

     · the phonological priming literature illustrates that it is rife with controversy, particularly with respect to the distinc-tion between automatic and strategic processes. Onset Overlap Slowiaczek, Nusbaum, and Pisoni (1987) investigated phonological priming effects involving overlap in onset position. A spoken prime was presented, followed by a

  • Effects of phonological similarity on priming in auditorY

     · phonological priming can be obtained in an auditory lex-ical decision task when the prime and target share word-initial phonological infonnation. The model of cohort ac-tivation (Slowiaczek et al., 1985) suggests that reaction time to a target should be facilitated when the target item is preceded by a prime that shares phonological informa-tion.

  • Lexical Phonological Networks in Children with Down

     · phonological priming task proposed by Mani and Plunkett (2010, 2011). Children were presented with two priming conditions a related one were prime and target labels were phonologically related on the first syllable, and an unrelated one. Following the evidence of poorer phonological representations in children

  • Processing semantic and phonological factors in

     · across a series of morphological priming studies (Fowler et al. 1985), there has been a tendency to less priming when formal similarity is reduced. Similarly, in a cross-modal study, Gonnerman et al. (2007) observed that the magnitude of priming matches the degree of semantic and phonological

  • Visual Word Recognition in Bilinguals Phonological

     · Visual Word Recognition in Bilinguals Phonological Priming From the Second to the First Language Ilse Van Wijnendaele University of Leuven Marc Brysbaert Ghent University In this study, the authors show that cross-lingual phonological priming is possible not only from the 1st language (L1) to the 2nd language (L2), but also from L2 to L1.

  • ResearchReport SequentialEffectsof

     · on phonological priming. In the DRC model, nonlexical letter-to-sound conversion procedures operate serially across the input string. Accordingly, phonological priming effects should be more evident when prime stimuli share phonology with the beginnings, rather than

  • Phonological and semantic priming Evidence for task

     · phonological priming does occur and is based only on in­ teractions among lexical units. Incontrast, Perfetti, Bell, and Delaney (1988) observed a phonological priming effect from pseudohomophone primes in a task similar to the one used by Humphreys et al. Furthermore, Lukatela and Turvey (1990a, 1990b) obtained phonological priming effects with pseudo­

  • Phonological priming and cohort effects in toddlers

     · Phonological priming and cohort effects in toddlers Nivedita Mania,⇑, Kim Plunkettb a Free-Floater Research Group in Language Acquisition, University of Göttingen, Germany bDepartment of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom article info Article history Received 25 May 2011 Accepted 28 June 2011 Available online 9 August 2011

  • Phonological Priming Effects on Word Retrieval and Tip

     · Phonological Priming Effects on Word Retrieval and Tip-of-the-Tongue Experiences in Young and Older Adults Lori E. James Claremont Graduate University Deborah M. Burke Pomona College In a repetition priming paradigm, young and older participants read

  • Processing semantic and phonological factors in

     · across a series of morphological priming studies (Fowler et al. 1985), there has been a tendency to less priming when formal similarity is reduced. Similarly, in a cross-modal study, Gonnerman et al. (2007) observed that the magnitude of priming matches the degree of semantic and phonological

  • Orthographic and Phonological Effects in the

     · Instead, researchers have focused on the phonological aspect of the relationship and assumed that the facilitation is an output effect resulting from the priming of the target phonological nodes (e.g., Shriefers et al., 1990 Starreveld & La Heij, 1995).2 Does the confounding of orthographic and phonological relatedness matter in

  • Phonologically-Based Priming in the Same-Different Task

     · priming from phonologically similar word and nonword primes (writ-ten in Katakana), indicating that phonological information from the prime can affect processing. The data from Lupker et al. (2015a, 2015b), therefore, provide good evidence that, at least in some situations, effects in the same-different task cannot be unambiguously interpreted as being

  • [PDF] Phonological priming in the lexical decision task

    The contribution of assembled phonology in reading English was examined in the lexical decision task by comparing two markers regularity effects and phonological priming. Strategic control was assessed by manipulating the phonological lexicality of the foils Experiment 1 used legal nonwords, whereas Experiment 2 used pseudohomophones.

  • Associative and phonological priming effects after letter

     · Associative and phonological priming effects following letter search on the prime. American Journal of Psychology, 119(2) . (Summer 2006) Published by the University of Illinois Press (ISSN ). Associative and phonological priming effects after letter search on the prime .

  • Phonological priming in children's picture naming

     · phonological priming that should be most effective in speeding up word generation. In particular, it predicts that onset primes that match the initial segments of words, such as ‘snake-snail’ will be more effective in speeding up picture naming than offset or ‘rhyme’ primes that match the final segments of words, such as ‘pail

  • Phonological Priming in Young Children Who Stutter

     · incremental phonological encoding processes of young children who stutter (CWS N = 26) and age- and gender-matched children who do not stutter (CWNS N = 26) via a picture-naming auditory priming paradigm. Method Children named pictures during 3 audi-tory priming conditions neutral, holistic, and incremental. Speech reaction time (SRT) was

  • Phonologically-Based Priming in the Same-Different Task

     · priming same-different task may be mainly based on orthographic codes, phonological codes can play a role even when the stimuli being matched are familiar words from a reader’s L1. Keywords Japanese scripts, masked priming, orthographic coding, phonological priming, same-different task

  • Phonological Priming in Infancy

     · phonological priming behaviour in adults offer two explanations for the patterns of results reported to date. These mechanisms can be summarised in terms of pre-lexical or phonological level facilitation effects, exemplified by speeded recognition of a word which is related to the

  • Orthographic and Phonological Effects in the

     · Instead, researchers have focused on the phonological aspect of the relationship and assumed that the facilitation is an output effect resulting from the priming of the target phonological nodes (e.g., Shriefers et al., 1990 Starreveld & La Heij, 1995).2 Does the confounding of orthographic and phonological relatedness matter in

  • [PDF] Phonological priming effects on word retrieval and

    In a repetition priming paradigm, young and older participants read aloud prime words that sometimes shared phonological components with a target word that answered a general knowledge question. In Experiment 1, prior processing of phonologically related words decreased tip-of-the-tongue states (TOTs) and increased correct responses to subsequent questions.

  • Orthographic and Phonological Priming Effects in the

    Orthographic and Phonological Priming Effects in the Same–Different Task Sachiko Kinoshita and Michael Gayed Macquarie University Dennis Norris MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom Masked priming tasks have been used widely to study early orthographic processes—the coding of letter position and letter identity.

  • Caffeine, Priming, and Tip of the Tongue Evidence for

     · Caffeine, Priming, and Tip of the Tongue Evidence for Plasticity in the Phonological System Valerie E. Lesk Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati Stephen P. Womble Trinity College A study was performed involving phonological priming and tip-of-the-tongue states (TOTs) in which participants took either 200 mg of caffeine or placebo.

  • (PDF) Phonological Priming In Auditory Word Recognition

    In Experiment 1, primes and targets were English words that shared zero, one, two, three, or all phonemes from the beginning of the word. In Experiment 2, nonword primes preceded word targets and shared initial phonemes. In Experiment 3, word primes and

  • Graphic and Phonological Processing in Chinese

     · character was identified. The results from the priming experiments revealed that phonological and semantic information was available immediately (between 20 ms and 50 ms) after a character was identified. Perfetti and Zhang (1991) concluded that phonological activation occurs during the process of Chinese character identi-

  • Phonological Priming in Children with Hearing Loss Effect

     · phonological priming by high- versus low-fidelity (intact ver-sus nonintact onsets) auditory speech in CHI and CNH. We selected phonological priming because priming is an indirect task that assesses the quality of stored phonological knowl-edge without requiring children to directly access and retrieve their knowledge and formulate a response.

  • Phonological contribution during visual word recognition

    graphic and phonological representations (Perfetti, 1992). More recently, Ziegler et al. (2014) tracked the development of phonological and orthographic processing in two masked sand-wich priming experiments (Lupker & Davis, 2009), a pseudohomophone priming experiment and a transposed-letter priming experiment, respectively.